What Is Conservation?

According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, conservation is “a careful preservation and protection of something.” Wildlife conservation refers to the practice of protecting wild animals and their habitats, now and in the future. 

Conservation includes a wide range of practices, including measures to protect and restore habitats, prevent poaching and excessive take, eliminate nonnative species, captive breeding and reintroduction programs, education and research. The focus of conservation programs can be on species, wildlife populations, individual animals, or ecosystems, since each of these units are important constituents of biological diversity, along with ecological and evolutionary processes that are necessary to sustain healthy wildlife populations in the long-run.